During the middle of 13th century, rulers of England had a big problem that concerned illegitimate children. According to England law, these children were not a part of the legal order. However, this became a big problem, because illegitimate children couldn't become heirs to the lands of their fathers/
That is when, churchmen thought that English practice should be matched up with religious thinking, but England barons didn't want to change the laws of England. However, in the 1230s, the law became the central part of England's identity and resembled France law system.
Development of sovereign state created the association between national identity and the law, and that is why state and law became merged. However, in the Middle Ages, the country became a problematic world, because people didn't use it in the modern sense but as the implication of king's impact upon individuals that shown inappropriate behavior.
The creation of English common law started back before reforms of Henry II, which were the crucial period of English law. England created first laws that were focused on the king as the protector of the state and realm.
The great administration also tackled various problems such as violence; theft similar to Henry II would later. The administration was under royal control, and it was the first step of creating the modern laws that England follows right now.
However, in the middle of 12th century, the kings involved in the legal matters, while Henry II wanted to return the realm as it was when his grandfather ruled. These efforts brought the conflict between king and archbishop, Thomas Becket.
That is why the legal system became permanent and crucial part of England. Royal command treated people who committed theft, homicide before royal officers and judges. That is when the system called: "juries of presentment" started to affect the England legal system.
When it comes to land law, it changed also. They used swift methods to deal with various cases such as dispossession of land and disputed inheritance. The sheriff would assemble twelve men who would create an approach that will ensure that both sides get what they want.
It all started back in the day when Henry II changed the entire legal system and created the groundwork for the modern English state. Of course, the legal system was nothing like today, but the main idea was to create a system that will protect the realm and people in the state.
Dr. David James